Fed to Markets: “Drop Dead”

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Of course, here I am riffing on the famous headline published after President Ford refused to bail out New York City (see below). Yesterday, there is no doubt that markets were expecting a bailout from the Fed—and threw a tantrum when they didn’t get it.

Fed stepping back

The expected bailout the markets were looking for was that the Fed would raise rates at this meeting (which it did) but also that the Fed would signal that future rate increases were less likely (a “dovish” hike, in the jargon). The hike would signal current economic strength, while backing off future increases would indicate that the Fed was aware and concerned about recent market pullbacks—and would act to stop them.

Instead? Powell and the board came right out and said that, yes, expectations have weakened a bit. They also indicated that they will probably hike rates only twice next year—but will keep raising rates. By pretty much ignoring the recent financial market turmoil and focusing on continued economic strength, Powell put the markets on notice that the Fed will be much less willing to shape monetary policy in order to support asset prices. With the Fed stepping back, markets will be on their own in a way they have not been for decades.

Safety net for financial markets

The Fed’s actual mandate, by law, is to support price stability and maximum employment. It also, by default, has assumed responsibility for financial stability. All of these obligations are consistent with what a central bank should and has to do. In recent decades, however, starting with Chair Greenspan, the Fed was also widely perceived to offer a safety net for financial markets. The “Greenspan put,” as it was called, meant that the Fed would step in and ease monetary policy by lowering rates whenever the stock market took too big a dive.

While this was never official policy, this is exactly what Greenspan (and then Bernanke and then Yellen) were seen to do. Markets naturally began to expect and even depend on the Fed to step in when markets tanked, and that is just what they anticipated yesterday. If Powell had announced the Fed was pausing the rate increases until markets stabilized, that would have been very positive. Indeed, that’s what markets wanted and more than half expected.

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