From the start of Abenomics —essentially November 30, 2012—through November 4, 2014, the (TOPIX) is up a cumulative 82%.1 This strong performance may inspire people to ask whether they’ve missed the rally, especially if over the same period:2
• The S&P 500 Index is up 48%.
• The MSCI EAFE Index is up 22%.
• The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is up 5%.
The bottom line is that, even in the face of these returns, we believe that the window of opportunity is still open.
A Decade’s Worth of Context
One way to contextualize the Abenomics move in Japan is to place today’s market levels into a historical context. The figure looks at the last decade.
Japanese Equities and Yen Still not at 2007 Levels (11/4/2004 to 11/4/2014)
- Still Not Up to “Pre-Crisis” Levels: Another way to think about 2007 levels is to suggest where markets were prior to the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09. As of November 4, 2014, the TOPIX was at 1369. That means it still needs to appreciate approximately 33% to reach1817, the value that it reached on February 26, 2007. At that time, the yen to U.S. dollar exchange rate was approximately 121, implying that from the current level of almost 114, nearly 6% of further depreciation would be needed.3
- Profit expectations Improving: Even with the total returns of the TOPIX up more than 80% during the Abenomics period4, profit expectations have increased nearly 72% over the same period. We believe this to be one of the most important reasons why the valuation window in Japan has not closed. The S&P 500, the MSCI EAFE and the MSCI Emerging Markets Indexes have not seen anywhere near this level of change in profit expectations. The forward P/E ratio for the TOPIX has actually remained stable over this period, even in the face of the performance that was experienced.
- Actual Profits Close to Record Highs: While profit expectations have improved, we believe that it is also important to note what actual profits have done. Using quarterly data from September 30, 2012 to June 30, 2014 (the latest available), we can see that profits have improved approximately 57%. In fact, as of the end of the first quarter of 2014, Japanese profits had achieved record levels of over 17 trillion yen.5
Room for Further Appreciation
We believe that the ultimate success of Abenomics will be judged over a period of multiple years, and while certain actions—especially those from the Bank of Japan—have been significant, others, like structural “third arrow” reforms, will take time. As we take in how far we’ve come in equity market rallies, we simply take this moment to remind people that:
- The TOPIX is still more than 30% below its pre-crisis levels.
- Expectations of earnings for Japanese firms have been very strong during Abenomics.
- Actual profits have achieved record highs during Abenomics.
It’s possible that this is just the beginning for Japan.
1Source: Bloomberg, with cumulative performance measured from 11/30/12 to 11/4/14.
2Source for performance of all three Indexes is Bloomberg, with cumulative performance measured from 11/30/12 to 11/4/14.
4Source: Bloomberg, for period from 11/30/12 to 11/4/14.
5Source: Policy Research Institute of the Japan Ministry of Finance; income statement data, specifically ordinary profits, for period 9/30/12 to 6/30/14 used to approximate profit behavior during the Abenomics time frame of 11/30/12 to 11/4/14. Data published quarterly.
Important Risks Related to this Article
Investments in currency involve additional special risks, such as credit risk and interest rate fluctuations.
Investments focused in Japan are increasing the impact of events and developments associated with the region, which can adversely affect performance.