Inflation Progress May Be Bumpy, But Is Likely to Continue

Inflation Remains High, but Is Improving in More Economies

Inflation, one of many inputs to multi-asset decision-making, cooled substantially last year, but upside surprises in early 2024 for the US and Europe have many investors concerned that the path back to normal has hit a roadblock. We don’t think so. In fact, inflation remains in steady retreat—and in more major economies.

In Switzerland and China, for example, inflation is already below 2% year over year. While year-over-year inflation in Canada, Japan, Norway and the UK are above that mark, their three-month run rates point to significant slowing there too.

Progress in reducing inflation slowed somewhat in the US and euro area in early 2024, but core inflation levels are well below 2022’s peaks. It remains just under 3% in the euro area and the US—the latter’s figure based on the Personal Consumption Expenditures Price Index, the Fed’s preferred inflation measure. And potential indicators of sustained inflation—such as home prices and wages—remain well behaved. In the meantime, the consensus on global economic growth has strengthened, suggesting a soft landing ahead.