- Emerging-market (EM) stocks outperformed their developed-market counterparts for the sixth consecutive month in June, with the MSCI EM Index returning 1.1%, compared with a 0.4% gain in the MCSI World Index.1 For the quarter as a whole, the MSCI EM Index was up 6.4%, while the MSCI World Index was up 4.2%. Key drivers of emerging-market performance included encouraging economic data in China, investor inflows and corporate earnings growth.
- Frontier markets outperformed developed markets and performed in line with their emerging-market counterparts. The MSCI Frontier Index gained 6.3% in US-dollar terms over the quarter.2 Nigeria, Sri Lanka and Kenya were among the top-performing frontier markets. An improvement in foreign-exchange liquidity coupled with undemanding valuations drove stock prices in Nigeria. However, equity prices in Bahrain and Oman declined.
- Commodity prices declined during the second quarter despite a late-June rally. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices declined 9% during the quarter.3 At the end of June, however, oil prices recorded their strongest rally of 2017 after US producers appeared to curtail their drilling activity and government data showed a sharp drop in US gasoline supplies as summer demand picked up. Iron-ore prices rallied in June after buckling under tighter Chinese credit earlier in the quarter.
- Emerging-market currencies appreciated slightly against the US dollar. Central European currencies such as the Czech koruna, Hungarian forint and Polish zloty were among the top-performing currencies as the stronger euro offered support. Meanwhile, the Argentine peso, Chilean peso and Russian ruble depreciated.
Country Updates and Key Developments
Asia was the top-performing region for the quarter with equity markets in China, South Korea and Taiwan among the best market performers. The MSCI Taiwan Index reached a 17-year high in June,4 with the information technology (IT) and financials sectors driving gains. South Korea’s major equity index reached a record-high level in June amid foreign buying and strength in IT and health care companies.
The IT sector was also a key driver of performance in China. Index-provider MSCI’s announcement to add mainland A-shares (large Chinese mainland shares) to its indexes next year aided overall market sentiment.
As active managers, we do not follow the index. We continue to find value in Internet-related and consumer-oriented stocks in China. The Chinese government remains focused on its “Internet Plus” initiative where IT will play a key role in fueling China’s next stage of economic growth. In the consumer area, we view the automobile market favorably, as penetration rates remain quite low versus developed markets. Entertainment is another area that is interesting to us. For example, in China and in emerging markets generally, we see a rapid growth of multiplexes and movie theaters, along with other types of entertainment venues.
Elsewhere, international ratings agency Standard & Poor’s raised Indonesia’s credit rating to investment grade, bringing it in line with Moody’s and Fitch. The news provided a lift to Indonesian equities.
Generally disappointing first-quarter corporate earnings weighed on equities in Thailand, while the materials, telecommunications and energy sectors underperformed in Malaysia. Despite posting gains, equity markets in Thailand, Malaysia and India lagged their regional peers.
Challenges in the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and profit-taking cooled the Indian market in June, but India’s market remains quite strong year-to-date. Moderating inflation data in June opens the door to potential central-bank easing, and we believe the implementation of the GST should benefit many companies. While India still faces some bureaucratic barriers, we are optimistic about India’s potential and the case for investing there.
In Latin America, market-friendly political news and hints of an end to monetary tightening raised investor confidence in Mexico. Positive growth expectations helped drive outperformance in Peru. MSCI’s decision to delay the reclassification of Argentina to emerging-market status in June led to a market correction during the month, but the MSCI Argentina Index ended the quarter in positive territory. Meanwhile, profit-taking led the Chilean market to end the quarter with a decline.
In Eastern Europe, Russia was among the weakest performers amid investor concerns that lower oil prices could impact 2017 corporate-earnings growth. Additional US sanctions also worried many investors. Macroeconomic data during the quarter pointed towards a recovery, however, with gross domestic product (GDP) expanding in the first half of 2017 after two consecutive years of contraction. Energy, financials and IT companies continue to look attractive to us from a value standpoint. We also think the energy sector provides good dividend yield potential in a low-oil-price environment, while financials and IT companies provide exposure to Russia’s domestic economy with attractive growth prospects and relatively cheap valuations.
Turkey was one of the region’s top performers. Stronger-than-expected first-quarter GDP growth, a stronger lira and the passing of the referendum on the package of constitutional amendments helped buoy the market. Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic also outperformed as appreciation in their domestic currencies offered support.