U.S. Workforce Recovery
We've updated our monthly workforce analysis to include last week's Employment Report for August. The unemployment rate ticked up to 4.4%, and the number of new nonfarm jobs (a relatively volatile number subject to extensive revisions) came in at 156K.
The Unemployment Rate
The closely watched headline unemployment rate is a calculation of the percentage of the Civilian Labor Force, age 16 and older, that is currently unemployed. Let's put this metric into its historical context. The first chart below illustrates this monthly data point since 1990.
In the latest report, this indicator ticked up to 4.4%. The age 16+ population increased by 206 thousand, and the labor force (the employed and unemployed actively seeking employment) increased by 77 thousand. The number of employed decreased by 74 thousand and the ranks of the unemployed increased by 151 thousand.
Unemployment in the Prime Age Group
Let's look at the same statistic for the core workforce, ages 25-54. This cohort leaves out the employment volatility of the high-school and college years, the lower employment of the retirement years and also the age 55-64 decade when many in the workforce begin transitioning to retirement ... for example, two income households that downsize into one-income households.
In the latest report, this indicator increased to 4.0% (to one decimal place) from the previous month. The cohort population increased by 40 thousand and the labor force decreased by 171 thousand. The breakdown of the growth is an increase of 31 thousand employed and a 347 thousand decrease in the unemployed. Most of the subdued labor force growth was due to the small increase in the number employed and the low population increase.