As we expected, Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation began to moderate in July with the downturn in commodity prices, supply side improvements, and signs of demand destruction in the broader economy. There is still ground to cover to get closer to the Federal Reserve’s (Fed) target, but we expect these trends to continue, which should help support the long end of the yield curve.
Both headline and core CPI cooled in July, with headline CPI down 0.2 percent annualized over the month, and core prices rising at a 3.8 percent annualized monthly pace. Falling energy prices drove most of the outright decline in headline CPI, with gasoline prices down 7.7 percent unannualized over the month. Notably, airfares, hotels, and used vehicles also declined. The continued decline in energy prices and high frequency data suggesting more deflation in airfares and used car prices in August should drive another low headline number next month.
Lower inflation was also driven by a broad-based sequential deceleration in core goods inflation excluding vehicles, which moderated to 3.7 percent annualized after rising 7.1 percent in June. Continued supply chain improvement and lower import prices should continue to drive disinflation in this category.
Easing Supply Chain Stress is Helping Goods Inflation Cool
Source: Guggenheim Investments, Bloomberg, Haver Analytics. Data as of 07/31/2022.
An even more important sign for the medium-term outlook was the moderation in core services inflation. Rent inflation remains red hot but cooled down a bit with rent declining from 9.7 percent annualized to 8.8 percent and owners’ equivalent rent down from 8.7 percent to 7.9 percent. These two categories alone are still contributing 2.5 percentage points to headline CPI so need to slow much more, but more timely measures of market rents (such as Zillow and Apartment List data) point to more moderation in the months ahead. Recent business surveys such as the ISM Services index also point to more slowing in services inflation.